In the US, a heated debate has been ignited regarding kneeling during the national anthem. Particularly prevalent among American Football players, this debate prompts us to delve deeper into the cognitive health of these athletes. What really goes on in the minds of NFL players?Read more: The Cognitive Impact of American Football: Analyzing Player Brain Health
American Football’s Grandeur:
The National Football League (NFL) boasts the highest average attendance for sporting events in the US. For comparison, the German Bundesliga averages between 40,000 to 45,000 spectators per match, whereas NFL games average around 60,000. Yet, the zenith of football mania is the Super Bowl in February, which rivals the Champions League as the most-watched global sports event. Viewed unofficially as a national holiday, the 2015 Super Bowl edition topped US viewership charts with a staggering 114.4 million viewers. Clearly, football reigns supreme in American sports culture. But, shifting our attention back, what happens within the brains of these elite athletes?
Understanding the Game:
In the short duration of a game, much occurs. The goal? Accumulate the most points over four quarters, each lasting 15 minutes. Points can be scored through touchdowns, field goals, and safeties. The physicality is evident; players, despite their helmets, endure immense impacts. However, are these protections sufficient?
Thomas Talavage from Purdue University discovered that players can suffer concussions without exhibiting clear symptoms. Sensors placed in helmets highlighted the severity of blows, with subsequent fMRI scans revealing the trauma, even if players felt fine. Moreover, researchers compared players’ working memory before and after a season. Results depicted deteriorated cognitive functions, requiring increased efforts for tasks previously done effortlessly. Over time, this may lead to Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), characterized by impulsive behavior, depression, and in extreme cases, dementia. American Football is not devoid of risks.
The Quarterback’s Cognitive Challenges:
Arguably, the most pivotal role in football is the quarterback. Positioned centrally, he orchestrates plays, constantly adapting to evolving strategies. Rapid decision-making is essential, with inhibitions sometimes needing quick adjustments as circumstances shift, aptly termed ‘Inhibition’.
A keen intellect is paramount for quarterbacks. However, every player must navigate this dynamic environment. Running backs, for instance, must swiftly evade linebacks. Tools like speed ladders train players for this agility. But, are they effective?
Interestingly, the video suggests that while speed ladders enhance agility, they might not yield desired outcomes in real-time play. Anticipating and reacting to fast-paced changes is more cerebral than physical. Hence, instead of only using speed ladders, incorporating small-sided games is advisable. Additionally, tools like the SMARTGOALS set by Sportbrein enable dynamic training to further challenge athletes. Stay tuned for more on the nexus between American Football and cognitive functions!