The Biomechanics Behind the Soccer Kick

A soccer player demonstrating the biomechanics of a powerful kick.

Football, known as soccer in many parts of the world, is a sport with immense global appeal. At the heart of this game lies an art and science that has captivated fans, players, and scientists alike – the kick. From powerful shots to subtle flicks, the biomechanics behind soccer kicks form an intricate ballet of precision, power, and technique. Drawing on the insights from the research of Lees, Asai, Andersen, Nunome, and Sterzing in their 2010 paper titled “The biomechanics of kicking in soccer: A review”, we take a deep dive into understanding the science behind soccer’s defining action.

Read more: The Biomechanics Behind the Soccer Kick

Introduction: The Magnificence of the Kick

The kick in soccer is more than just striking the ball. It’s a culmination of the right technique, timing, power, and precision. Over the years, scientists have been trying to decode the biomechanics behind this essential soccer technique. This blog aims to shed light on the biomechanics of soccer kicks, incorporating findings from the aforementioned research.

From Approach to Flight: A Holistic View

Earlier biomechanical studies primarily focused on the kicking leg. But as researchers deepened their understanding, the scope has expanded, encompassing everything from the player’s approach to the ball to the ball’s eventual flight. This comprehensive view helps in grasping the nuances of a successful kick.

  1. Approach and Technique: The player’s run-up or approach to the ball plays a significant role. Factors like the angle and speed of approach can influence the eventual direction, speed, and spin of the ball. The overall technique, which includes body posture, balance, and foot positioning, also plays a crucial part in determining the effectiveness of the kick.
  2. Role of the Upper Body, Support Leg, and Pelvis: While the kicking leg garners much attention, the stability and positioning of the support leg, the orientation of the pelvis, and the movement of the upper body are equally vital. They contribute to balance, power generation, and directionality of the kick.
  3. Foot-Ball Impact: The moment of truth! The area of the foot that contacts the ball, the angle of contact, and the applied force determine the ball’s speed, direction, and spin. Understanding this interaction can help in achieving desired outcomes, be it a curling free-kick or a bullet shot.
  4. Influence of Footwear and Soccer Balls: Not all shoes and balls are made equal. Their design, material, and other attributes can influence the dynamics of the kick. For instance, a softer ball might absorb more force, whereas specific boot designs might allow for better ball control.
  5. Ball Launch Characteristics and Flight: After the kick, the ball’s trajectory, speed, and spin come into play. These are crucial in determining whether a shot results in a goal or if a pass finds its intended target. Factors like air resistance, ball design, and spin can influence its flight path.

Future Horizons: The Next Frontier in Soccer Biomechanics

While substantial progress has been made in understanding the biomechanics of soccer kicks, there’s still much terrain to explore. Areas that could benefit from further research include:

  • Detailed analysis of different types of kicks, such as volleys, chips, and headers.
  • The role of fatigue on kicking mechanics.
  • Personalized biomechanical analysis to aid player training and injury prevention.

Conclusion: The Art and Science of the Soccer Kick

Soccer is a beautiful game, and its beauty is enhanced when we understand the science behind it. The biomechanics of the kick, as detailed in the study by Lees et al., offer a fascinating glimpse into the complexities behind one of the most fundamental aspects of the game.

To players, coaches, and enthusiasts – the next time you witness a stunning goal or a masterful pass, remember the intricate biomechanical ballet that made it possible. The dance of precision, power, and technique that, when executed perfectly, makes soccer the mesmerizing spectacle that it is.


Lees, A., Asai, T., Andersen, T. B., Nunome, H., & Sterzing, T. (2010). The biomechanics of kicking in soccer: A review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(8), 805-817

Photo by Katrina Berban on Unsplash

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